No. In each IELTS test, the examiner does not know your previous score or even if you have taken the test before.
Will I get the same questions again in the IELTS Speaking?
There is a wide range of speaking questions in the IELTS Speaking test and they are often updated and changed. For test takers who have test dates close together, they may have a topic that is repeated, but the chances of this are low.
Will I have a different examiner in the IELTS Writing test?
There is a large team of examiners for the IELTS Writing test who are given random writing scripts. The chance of having the same examiner again is quite low.